Locally known as Mehran, Sindh is one of the four provinces in Pakistan named after the famous river Indus, located at the Southern border. Bordered by Balochistan province to the west, and Punjab province to the north. On the east, it also borders the Indian states of Gujarat and Rajasthan and Arabian Sea to the south.
Sindh’s landscape consists mostly of alluvial plains flanking the Indus River, the Thar Desert in the eastern portion of the province closest to the border with India, and the Kirthar Mountains in the western part. The climate is noted for hot summers and mild winters. The provincial capital of Sindh is Pakistan’s largest city and financial hub, Karachi.
Sindh is home to two UNESCO World Heritage Sites – the Historical Monuments at Makli, and the Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro.
It is very difficult to locate the history of Sindh for the scratch as the very settlements date as far back as 7000 BCE.
These settlements than progressed and gave rise to Indus valley civilization around 3000BCE. The Indus Valley Civilization rivaled the contemporary civilizations of Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia in size and scope, numbering nearly half a million inhabitants at its height with well-planned grid cities and sewer systems. The archeological remains Moenjodaro clearly depict the sophisticated lifestyle of early settlers.
The history of Sindh is more evident after the invasion of Arabs lead by Muhammad Bin Qasim in 7 century. This brought Islam and Islamic lifestyle in the region and gave birth to Sufi arts and music in the region. After the arrival of British, Sindh fell into the hands of British and became a part of colonial India.
The culture of Sindh is extremely rich, unique and exclusive.
The people here still adhere to their folks and norms of the past. Sindhi Ajrak and Sindh cap reflects the rich cultural heritage of Sindh that people are proud of even today. The local climate also reflects why the Sindhis have the language, folklore, traditions, customs and lifestyle that are so different from the neighboring regions.
Most of the people in Sindh live in the rular areas and agriculture is the main source of earning.
They speak their regional language called Sindhi. Sindhi language is ancient and rich in literature.