Punjab

Since immemorial times, Punjab has always been a cradle of civilizations and an icon of cultural integrity. The historical landmarks spread all over the province stand out as a proof of outstanding achievements in learning, arts and crafts in bygone ages.

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Punjab stretches over an area of 205,344 km2 and is located at the north western edge of the geologic Indian plate in south Asia. The province neighbors Indian state of Punjab and Rajhistan on the north east and south east respectively. Before Partition, during the British Raj, the east and west were combined under one provincial government.
The word Punjab means “The land of five rivers”, relating to the five rivers flow though the region, making it an extremely fertile land. Lahore is the provincial capital and also served as the historical capital of the India during the Moghul times.


History


The history of Punjab is 3000 years old and dates back to inception of the Indus valley civilization.

The region has been invaded and ruled by many different empires and races including the Aryans, Persians, Greeks, Egyptians, Afghans, and Mongols. The renaissance and prosperity came under Mughals when they controlled the region from 1524-1739. It was the Mughal reign the province witnessed boom in prosperity and a rise in construction of some great architectural wonders.
The Mughal Empire fall in 1799 and was succeeded by Sikh empire till 1849. Following the war of independence in 1857 the British took control over India and due to its geo-political position, Punjab remained one of Great Britain’s most important assets in colonial India.
Even today, it is the heartbeat of the nation and is the center of all political and economic progress.


Culture


Punjabi culture is widely known and admired in the world because of its purity, diversity, affinity and antiquity.

The scope, history, legacy, sophistication and complexity of the culture are immense. The people love and celebrate their culture therefore; Punjab stands as an example of cultural harmony. Some of the main characteristics include philosophy, poetry, artistry, music, cuisine, architecture, traditions, norms values and history.


People


The people of Punjab are very warm hearted and lively.

Punjabi is the provincial language and is widely spoken in upper and central region. Saraiki is mostly spoken in the south and deeper regions. Overall Punjab is a heterogeneous community and there is a stark contrast in the people of upper and lower regions, however, hospitality and love is enriched in all parts.